Editing:Nature of claim

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The nature of a claim is a category into which a claim is organized. Such natures include:

  • Theoretical
    • Definitional - An axiomatic claim which does not require evidence or proof.
    • Deductive - A claim which is the result of logical conclusion from first principles / axioms.
    • Inductive - A generalized claim arising from an observed pattern.
    • Speculative - A claim about possible futurities, or unrealized realities.
      • Example 1: 'X will happen'.
      • Example 2: 'X would have happened if Y had not happened'.
  • Factual
    • Scientific - A claim for which evidence can be reproduced. New evidence can be created to support the claim.
      • Example: an experiment to confirm gravitational acceleration of Earth as between 9.764 metres per second to 9.834 metres per second.
    • Historical - A claim for which evidence cannot be reproduced. The amount of evidence that exists for the claim is limited.
      • Example: personal correspondence between people which proves a relationship, or conspiracy. If the record of correspondence is destroyed, then this evidence of the relationship is lost, and cannot be reproduced.
  • Ethical
    • Religious - Thou shalt not because God forbade it.
    • Legal - Thou shalt not because the courts forbade it.
      • Example: The dereliction of one's obligation to satisfy the terms of a contract. (Note: claims about 'responsibility' to act or not to act should be considered as legal claims; 'responsibility' should be determined by an examination of legal law and contract concerning a particular claim of 'responsibility').
    • Morally nihilistic - Thou shalt not because I forbade it.